History of Romania
a brief and comprehensive trying
History of Romania reveals a continuous long fight of Romanian people for their own survival: a individual survival as a human being, as well as a nation survival. And Romanian people won.
How do they manage this?
Ancient history of Romania starts far away in time because the territory of Romania has been inhabited since the Paleolithic.
It seems the Carpatho-Danubian territory is the cradle of European civilization.
The ancestors of the Romanian people are the Dacian people, fierce warriors conquered by the Romans under Trajan in two extremely difficult campaigns at the beginning of the 2nd century AD.
However, the fairly brief Roman occupation (165 years), left a lasting legacy: the Latin language which survived the numerous later invasions of migratory people.
Dark Age memories of Romania history bring us very stormy times. A Romanian identity developed gradually.
The feudal states of Transylvania (10th-12th centuries), Wallachia and Moldavia (13th and 14th centuries) were born.
Hungarian Kingdom occupied Transylvania making it one of their provinces.
Centuries of fighting against the Turkish people ensued in these states.
Romanian leaders like Mircea cel Batran (Mircea the Elder), Iancu de Hunedoara (Janos Hunyadi), Vlad Tepes (Vlad the Impaler), Stefan cel Mare (Stephan the Great) hardly fought against them. And many of them succeed, unfortunately only for a short time.
Mihai Viteazul (Michael the Brave) not only freed the country from Turks, but also succeeded to unite the three provinces in a single country.
Modern history of Romania started once with the 1848 Revolution.
Finally, Moldavia and Wallachia united in 1859 and the country achieved its independence in 1877.
The WWI bankrupts the country. Even so, the Great Union with Transylvania (Alba Iulia, 1918) brought hope in Romanian souls.
After a short revival, the WWII not only destroyed Romania, but also brought us the "wonderful" communism times.
The Romanian communism established after the 2nd World War. It lasted for 45 years leaving behind a lot of bleeding scares in Romanian people lives.
And the pain drove to the Romanian Revolution from December 1989, the bloodiest communism removal.
Does the pain stop here? No way! Romania history taught us we still have to fight for our survival. Even in democracy times.
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